When spelling is difficult for students it takes extra practice in specific ways to make their learning permanent.
Try this activity to help those students in your classroom with spelling challenges.
Mapping is a great activity to help students with their spelling patterns.
Take the sound you are working with (ex. long o sound as in toe).
Write all the ways to spell the long o sound in the boxes at the top of the map. (o-e, oa, ow, etc.) The letter combinations needed to represent the sound are also written in the box headings in the body of the paper.
Now have students look at one spelling word at a time. They will determine which "picture" is used to represent that sound in the target word (we use the term "picture" to describe the letter combination needed to spell the sound in the target word correctly)
For the "Mapping" page needed to complete this activity and explicit instructions on how to do it, follow this link